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Conservation and Restoration of the Gnalić Wreck Iron Anchors

One of the most important post-medieval shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea was found in the 1960s near the small island of Gnalić, not far from the coastal town of Biograd na Moru. The sunken vessel carried a diverse cargo consisting of the products of artisans and craftspeople, manufactured in the late sixteenth century in workshops from the Mediterranean to the north of Europe. Among the many recovered finds were two large iron anchors, recovered from the sea and displayed in the open without prior conservation. Anchor No. 1 is exhibited at the front of the building of the Biograd na Moru heritage museum, while Anchor No. 2 was installed on an elevation on the square facing the building of the National Museum in Zadar.

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Re-Conservation of the Early Croatian Boats from Nin – Part 1

Funding provided through the culture ministry has seen the International Centre for Underwater Archaeology's conservation and restoration department now in its third year of work on the process of the re-conservation of the Condura Croatica—two late eleventh century early Croatian boats recovered at Nin. The condura type boats were discovered in the 1960s in Nin Cove and were excavated and then extracted from the marine environment under supervision of late prof. dr. sc. Zdenko Brusić. The years that followed saw the conservation and restoration of the boats using the PEG method at the Archaeological Museum in Zadar conducted by Božidar Vilhar. Since the late 1980s they have been on display at the Museum of Nin Antiquities.

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Conservation and Restoration of Ceramic Amphorae from the Cape Glavina Underwater Site off Rab Island

The specialist team of conservator/restorers of the International Centre for Underwater Archaeology in Zadar received ceramic amphorae from the depot of the Open University of Rab in April of 2015. Funding for the conservation and restoration of the amphorae from Rab has been provided through the Ministry of Culture, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County and the City of Rab. The collection of fifty-two ceramic finds includes potsherds and preserved amphorae of the Lamboglia 2 type dated to the period from the second to first century BCE used primarily for the transport of wine. The amphorae were found and recovered from the sea in 1970 and have been kept since then, without prior desalination, in the storage depot of the Open University of Rab. Almost half a century later, still awaiting desalination and stored in the damp environment of the depot, we find the amphorae in very poor condition. Preliminary investigation established the condition of the received artefacts and determined the course of the conservation/restoration procedure.

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Conservation And Restoration Of Small Leather, Wood And Rope Artefacts From The Flaciusova Ulica Archaeological Site In Pula

From July to December of 2014 the restoration workshop of the International Centre for Underwater Archaeology in Zadar conducted conservation and restoration work on leather artefacts, sections of rope and very small wooden artefacts found with the remains of two Roman wooden boats discovered during archaeological investigation at Flaciusova ulica (Flacius Street) in Pula.

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The Conservation And Restoration Of A Wooden Monoxylon From The Depot Of The Karlovac City Museum

Conservation and restoration work on a wooden monoxylon from the depot of the Karlovac City Museum were conducted from July of 2013 to July of 2015 at the conservation and restoration department of the International Centre for Underwater Archaeology in Zadar.The monoxylon had been stored in the museum's depot since 1966. Uncontrolled drying had weakened the fragile wooden structure of the boat leading to the appearance of numerous fissures and the crumbling of the walls of the boat.

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Conservation-Restoration Work on Small Finds from the Premuda Site – the Post Medieval Szent Istvan Shipwreck

The underwater Premuda site is the location of the remains of the sunken Austro-Hungarian ship Szent Istvan. A part of the ship's equipment was extracted from the sea during an archaeological survey of the site and delivered to the workshop for conservation-restoration treatment.

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Conservation-Restoration Work on an Iron Roman Legionary's Spearhead

Conservation-restoration work was conducted in 2013 on an iron spearhead with hafting socket found during an underwater archaeological survey of the Lenovac site. The artefact is a Roman legionary's spearhead that was found below the shoreline firmly encrusted to the rocks of the embankment.

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Conservation-Restoration Work on Small Finds from the Murter, Bisaga-Kornati Sites

Research of sites in the waters off the island of Bisaga in the Kornati archipelago has yielded an abundance of archaeological material, ceramic plates, jugs, porcelain cups, fragments of glass bottles and metal ware. Over forty different types of smoking pipe and carved wooden stems were found. Upon extraction from the sea the recovered archaeological material was brought in for conservation-restoration treatment. In the first phase of the conservation-restoration procedure the desalination process was used to leech harmful salts, chlorides in particular, from the artefacts.

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Conservation work on sixteenth century bronze cannons from the Sveti Pavao Shallows site

Surveying the waters surrounding the island of Mljet underwater archaeologists of the Croatian Conservation Institute in 2006 found the remains of a post medieval shipwreck at the Sveti Pavao Shallows. Among the varied archaeological material found on this sixteenth century shipwreck were seven bronze cannons. With the continued research of the site in late 2007 the bronze cannons were extracted from the sea and subsequently transferred to the conservation workshop of the CCI's Department for Conservation of Underwater Archaeological Finds in Zadar, where conservation processing on them was initiated.

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The conservation and restoration of underwater archaeological finds from the Murter - Mijoka site

The results of three underwater archaeology campaigns carried out at the Murter-Mijoka site by the staff of the Croatian Conservation Institute's Department of Underwater Archaeology, is the location of over 700 finds. The majority of finds consist of small archaeological objects manufactured of brass, bronze, lead, glass, glass paste, wood and bone. This material was brought for treatment to the Croatian Conservation Institute's Department for Conservation of Underwater Archaeological Finds in Zadar.

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Conservation and restoration work on the stock of a roman anchor

As an indispensable part of a ship's equipment, anchors are a very frequent find at underwater archaeological sites. Besides on sunken vessels, they are also found in places where there are no traces of a shipwreck, as a chance find that came to the seabed in various ways. A basic anchor consisted of a lead stock, wooden shank and arms with metal hoops and lead anchor ring. Given that the wooden parts of an anchor are by their nature subject to decomposition and are rarely preserved to the present day, the most frequent evidence of the existence of an anchor are its leaden parts.

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The conservation and restoration of an engobed and engraved jug from the Lastovo - cap Cuf site

A large bronze vessel that contained an engraved ceramic jug with angels depicted in relief was found among other finds during underwater archaeological research in 2007 at the Lastovo, Cape Cuf, site. This kind of jug with boys or angels depicted in relief was manufactured in Venice from the late 15th to the late 16th century.

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